Russia is the largest country in the world, so there are undoubtedly many possibilities to choose from. The country's greatest strength is that it continues to grow in terms of technology, infrastructure, and trends while also thriving in its rich culture and legacy. Moreover, the nation has a distinctive culture because it borders both European and Asian nations.
Given the variety of monuments and locations, each of which has a fascinating history to learn, Russia is a history lover's delight when it comes to tourism destinations. The nation also has a thriving ancient art scene, which is a treat for art travelers. Every area of the nation has a unique historical narrative that demands independent consideration.
As many sites and locations are susceptible to seasonal variations, it is crucial to consider the climate and plan your trip accordingly. Otherwise, you risk missing out on them. In addition to the abundance of tourist attractions, Russia is also home to roughly 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, with a few more on the tentative list.
The country's history and tradition have been a major draw for tourists, and the tourism sector has grown significantly in recent years. While seeing heritage buildings will take up the majority of your time, make sure to also check out the street markets and surprising local cuisine.
Your taste senses will be surprised by the distinct and unusual cuisine of Russia. However, it is necessary to keep in mind that bureaucracy and sporadic inconveniences may get in the way of your trip, especially in locations outside of urban centers, so it is crucial to remember some dos and don'ts when you go there.
The summer season, which lasts from May through October, is the ideal time to visit Russia. This is because Russia is one of the coldest nations, thus it is crucial to plan a trip after carefully considering the weather.
Take the wooden dolls known as Matryoshkas, which are created by Russian artists, after your visit of Russia. These are a huge draw for tourists and serve as the nation's icon. The richest and most influential culture is Russian. Moreover, it encompasses Russian literature in addition to the well-known ballet dance.
The oldest and deepest freshwater lake, Lake Baikal, has to be the most well-known and stunning location. Additionally, you must see its clean, crystal-clear water. Moscow is the cosmopolitan capital of Russia, therefore you must visit the Red Square and Kremlin while you're there.
Brief History of Russia
The history of Russia can be traced back to the early history of the East Slavs. King Rurik of Rus founded the first modern state of Russia in 862 AD. Staraya Ladoga and Novgorod emerged as the first cities in the union of immigrants from Scandinavia with Slavs and Finns. Prince Oleg of Novgorod seized Kiev in 882 and united the northern and southern territories of the Eastern Slavs under one authority. By the end of the 10th century, the governance center was moved to Kiev, and significant autonomy was maintained for the northern and southern regions known as Kievan Rus.
The Kievan Rus became a powerful kingdom in Europe and reached its zenith under Vladimir the Great and Yaroslav I the Wise in the 10th and 11th centuries. In the 13th century, the Mongols led by Batu Khan wiped out the Kievan Rus. Due to Mongol invasions, numerous principalities were forced to accept the overlordship of the Mongols.
After the 13th century, Moscow became a focal point for the unification of Russian lands. By the end of the 15th century, many small principalities around Moscow had been united with the Grand Duchy.
The Grand Duchy of Moscow emerged as a powerful region in the 14th century, ceased paying tribute to the Mongols, and gained sovereignty under Ivan the Great, who called himself ‘Tsar’. In 1547, Ivan the Terrible, who was the grandson of Tsar, converted the Grand Duchy of Moscow into the Tsardom of Russia. The death of Ivan created a succession crisis in 1598 and led Russia into a civil war, the Time of Troubles. The coronation of Michael Romanov as the first Tsar of the Romanov dynasty in 1613 marked the end of the Time of Troubles. By the end of the 17th century, Russia claimed lands as far as the Pacific Ocean. Russia had to deal with several internal rebellions from different ethnic groups under their control. For example, the uprising of Stenka Razin, a Cossack leader who led a rebellion in 1670-1671.
The Russian empire expanded under the rule of Tsar Peter the Great. He renamed the state the Russian Empire, and St. Petersburg was its capital. Russian culture flourished, and artists and writers such as Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, and Tchaikovsky gained worldwide recognition. After Peter’s death, there was no direct male heir, and several relatives served as emperors or empresses for the next several decades.
Following World War I, the Russian people revolted against the leadership of the Tsars. The Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Tsar. Civil war broke in1918. The Bolsheviks prevailed and established the Soviet Union in 1922. After Lenin, Joseph Stalin rose to power and implemented aggressive policies that led to the deaths of millions of people due to famines and executions.
During World War II, Russia and Germany were allies. However, Germany broke the non-aggression pact and invaded Russia in 1941. In 1949, the Soviet Union was able to make its own nuclear weapons. This started an arms race with the U.S. that lasted for decades and shaped world politics. Following the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991, many of its constituent countries proclaimed their independence. Russia was created out of the remaining territory.
FAQs: Explore Russia
Q. What are the top tourist attractions in Russia in 2023?
A. Russia is a vast and diverse country, home to abundant cultural and historical attractions. Some of the top tourist attractions in Russia in 2023 are:
St. Basil's Cathedral
The Hermitage Museum
The Altay Mountains
Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve
Q. What is the best time to visit Russia?
A. June to August are the most popular months to visit the country, as the weather is warm and pleasant.
Q. What is the currency used in Russia?
A. The official currency of Russia is the ruble.
Q. What is the prettiest town in Russia?
A. Located on the bank of Kamenka River, Suzdal is one of the prettiest towns of Russia. It is known for numerous churches, monsteries, scenic countryside, and well-preserved architecture.
Q. How many days do you need to explore Russia?
A. You will need at least 7–10 days to explore the major cities.
Q. What is the best way to explore Russia?
A. Public transport, the subway system, and trains are the most preferred ways to get around in cities.